EN CE regulations
Standards and certification
European standards (EN) are prepared by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) under mandates from the Commission of the European Union and the European Free Trade Association. Implementation of these standards is mandatory within EU member states. All products complying with these standards must be marked with both the CE mark and the relevant standard number.
The standard covers three types of accessories:
Type 1 Free hanging accessories (such as our hangers)
Type 2 Removable accessories (such as our slap wraps and soft bands)
Type 3 Mounted accessories (such as our high-strength adhesive stickers)
Accessories are required to meet both surface area and reflective requirements of the standard. When mounting the reflector on a garment the surface area of the accessory shall be such that the reflective value requirements are met. The surface area for type 1 accessories shall be between 15cm2 and 50 cm2 per side. If a type 1 accessory is reflective on two sides the thickness shall be maximum of 10mm. Each type 2 and type 3 accessory is required to have a surface area exceeding 15 cm2.
The EN13356 standard specifies the optical performance requirements for accessories that are worn, attached to
or carried by persons and that are designed for non-professional use. Visibility accessories complying with this standard are intended to signal the user’s presence visually when illuminated by vehicles on darks roads. This standard is not applicable to garments.
The European Norm 13356 determines the visual requirements for reflective accessories for non-professional use. As this norm deals with requirements for accessories, it is not as strict as those in the consequently described norms EN 1150 and EN 471 for reflective clothing. Accessories manufactured in accordance with EN 13356 are especially recommended for additional use on unlighted streets.
This norm specifies the visual requirements for reflective clothing for adults and teenagers and non-professional use. Reflective clothing that fulfils this norm is meant to make the wearer clearly visible during all light and weather conditions as well as when being illuminated by headlights. Clothing that has been manufactured in accordance with this norm is especially recommended for use during workout or biking.
EN 471 is the European standard norm for clearly visible protective clothing. It distinguishes between three classes that have to have different minimum areas of fluorescent background material and reflective material.
In this context class 3 is the most stringent and is thus recommended by the Gemeinde-Unfallversicherungsverband (GUV) for fire brigades and rescue authorities. Protective clothing complying with class 2 is suitable for both professional as well as private use, class 1 clothing may only be used in non-professional areas. For car drivers carrying a reflective vest complying with EN 471 class 2 is recommended to guarantee a sufficient safety and signalling effect.
EN 471 and EN 1150 Garments.
Whilst EN471 specifies a set of requirements for high visibility warning garments for professional use in the work place, the EN 1150 standard provides details for non-professional use, together with criteria for minimum area’s and placement of reflective material to achieve enhanced conspicuity. Garments conforming to these standards are capable of signalling the users presence visually under any light conditions both by day and under illumination by vehicle headlights in the dark.
Non-professional use, EN1150, is considered to be suitable for children, cyclists and pedestrian training activities, walking bus etc.
Each garment consists of both background material, (luminous) and retroreflective materials, (reflective bands and braces). The background material provides for day light conspicuity whilst the retroreflective provides for night time visibility.
EN1150 can either be satisfied by the minimum area’s of background and retroreflective materials, or depending on the height of the wearer, the combined performance area.
EN ISO 20471:2013
From 1st. Oct. 2013, the EN ISO 20471:2013 was introduced. This new harmonized standard has replaced the former standard EN 471:2003+A1:2007. All High Visibility products introduced in the market from now on, will have to be CE marked and certified to ISO EN 20471. In practical terms, materials manufacturers and Notified Bodies will need time to update the required documentation needed to CE mark the garments to the new norm. Products that are CE marked to EN 471 or ISO EN 20471 will therefore now co-exist on the market during the years ahead and will only change as manufacturers are updating their products and documentation.
The new norm will essentially provide the same level of safety as EN 471, but there are a few important changes which are summarized below.
Scope: The standard specifies the requirements for high visibility clothing “which is capable of visually signaling the user’s presence”. The new standard has broadened the usage base and a distinction between different types of risk situations has been made. The defined risk situations will be the basis for which norm is applicable for the user. ISO EN 20471 is applicable to high-risk situations.
Design: Basics such as the area requirements for background materials, retroreflective materials and combined performance materials with three classes of garments remains unchanged. The main difference is in the specific design requirements. The requirements are now depending on which part of the body the garment is covering, and not as in the previous version, where the type of garment was the basis for the design requirements. In the new norm, all class 3 garments must cover the torso and have as a minimum either sleeves with retroreflective bands or full length trouser legs with retroreflective bands. This ends the possibility to CE mark sleeveless class 3 garments. It is now also possible to CE mark separate garments together to fulfill a requirement for a certain performance class. This is achieved by a so called clothing ensemble: e.g. by certifying jackets and trousers together to obtain a class 3 requirement.
Materials requirements: The requirements for the 3 defined fluorescent colours remain unchanged, but the background materials must now undergo testing also after washing as indicated by the manufacturer. Performance after washing now also requires each cycle to be a wash and dry cycle. This is also true for reflective materials. For separate performance retroreflective materials, the weaker performing material corresponding to EN 471 level 1 is now deleted, leaving the former EN 471 level 2 materials as the only option. Adjustments have been made to requirements of non-fluorescent background materials (see details in Fact Sheet).
Marking, Care labeling The new graphical symbol for High Visibiliy Clothing has been simplified. After removing the type 1 reflective material from the norm, the figure indicated in the symbol (X) is now indicating the garment class only. An important change is that a defined explanation to the meaning of the maximum number of cleaning cycles provided with the garment (essentially stating that cleaning is not the only factor related to the life time of the product) must now be included in the information supplied by the manufacturer.
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